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Trinity steht für: Trinität, siehe Trinität · Trinity (Band), britische Band; Trinity (Fernsehserie), britische Fernsehserie; Trinity (Diskothek), Diskothek in Hamburg. Second Person of the Holy Trinity, The Son of God has promised [ ]. Übersetzung für 'trinity' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. trinity Bedeutung, Definition trinity: 1. a group of three things or people: 2. in Christianity, the existence of one God in three forms. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für trinity im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
trinity Bedeutung, Definition trinity: 1. a group of three things or people: 2. in Christianity, the existence of one God in three forms. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Trinity im Online-Wörterbuch mossebergsfestivalen.se (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für trinity im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
The three persons of the Trinity always work inseparably, for their work is always the work of the one God. The Son's will cannot be different from the Father's because it is the Father's.
They have but one will as they have but one being. Otherwise they would not be one God. On this point St.
Basil said:. When then He says, 'I have not spoken of myself', and again, 'As the Father said unto me, so I speak', and 'The word which ye hear is not mine, but [the Father's] which sent me', and in another place, 'As the Father gave me commandment, even so I do', it is not because He lacks deliberate purpose or power of initiation, nor yet because He has to wait for the preconcerted key-note, that he employs language of this kind.
His object is to make it plain that His own will is connected in indissoluble union with the Father. Do not then let us understand by what is called a 'commandment' a peremptory mandate delivered by organs of speech, and giving orders to the Son, as to a subordinate, concerning what He ought to do.
Let us rather, in a sense befitting the Godhead, perceive a transmission of will, like the reflexion of an object in a mirror, passing without note of time from Father to Son.
According to Thomas Aquinas the Son prayed to the Father, became a minor to the angels, became incarnate, obeyed the Father as to his human nature, as to his divine nature the Son remained God: "Thus, then, the fact that the Father glorifies, raises up, and exalts the Son does not show that the Son is less than the Father, except in His human nature.
For, in the divine nature by which He is equal to the Father, the power of the Father and the Son is the same and their operation is the same.
Athanasius of Alexandria explained that the Son is eternally one in being with the Father, temporally and voluntarily subordinate in his incarnate ministry.
Likewise, the Cappadocian Fathers also insisted there was no economic inequality present within the Trinity. As Basil wrote: "We perceive the operation of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit to be one and the same, in no respect showing differences or variation; from this identity of operation we necessarily infer the unity of nature.
The traditional theory of "appropriation" consists in attributing certain names, qualities, or operations to one of the Persons of the Trinity, not, however, to the exclusion of the others, but in preference to the others.
This theory was established by the Latin Fathers of the fourth and fifth centuries, especially by Hilary of Poitiers , Augustine , and Leo the Great.
In the Middle Ages, the theory was systematically taught by the Schoolmen such as Bonaventure. Augustine "coupled the doctrine of the Trinity with anthropology.
Proceeding from the idea that humans are created by God according to the divine image, he attempted to explain the mystery of the Trinity by uncovering traces of the Trinity in the human personality".
In De trinitate — he wrote,. The Bible reveals it although only in the two neighboring verses 1 John Augustine found that it is, and consists of "three: the lover, the beloved, and the love.
Reaffirming the theopaschite formula unus de trinitate passus est carne meaning "One of the Trinity suffered in the flesh" ,  Thomas Aquinas wrote that Jesus suffered and died as to his human nature, as to his divine nature he could not suffer or die.
For it says in 1 Peter : "Christ having suffered in the flesh" For, in the divine nature by which He is equal to the Father.
In the s the recovery of a substantially different formula of theopaschism took place: at least unus de Trinitate passus est meaning " This concept was later taken by both Reformed and Catholic theology : in by Jürgen Moltmann 's The Crucified God ; in the "Preface to the Second Edition" of his German book Theologie der Drei Tage English translation: Mysterium Paschale by Hans Urs von Balthasar , who took a cue from Revelation Vulgate : agni qui occisus est ab origine mundi , NIV : "the Lamb who was slain from the creation of the world" to explore the "God is love" idea as an " eternal super-kenosis ".
The underlying question is if the three Persons of the Trinity can live a self-love amor sui , as well as if for them, with the conciliar dogmatic formulation in terms that today we would call ontotheological , it is possible that the aseity causa sui is valid.
Benjamin B. Warfield saw a principle of subordination in the "modes of operation" of the Trinity, but was also hesitant to ascribe the same to the "modes of subsistence" in relation of one to another.
While noting that it is natural to see a subordination in function as reflecting a similar subordination in substance, he suggests that this might be the result of " According to Eusebius, Constantine suggested the term homoousios at the Council of Nicaea, though most scholars have doubted that Constantine had such knowledge and have thought that most likely Hosius had suggested the term to him.
Nontrinitarianism or antitrinitarianism refers to Christian belief systems that reject the doctrine of the Trinity as found in the Nicene Creed as not having a scriptural origin.
Nontrinitarian views differ widely on the nature of God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit. Various nontrinitarian views, such as Adoptionism , Monarchianism , and Arianism existed prior to the formal definition of the Trinity doctrine in AD , , and , at the Councils of Nicaea, Constantinople, and Ephesus, respectively.
When the Franks converted to Catholicism in , however, it gradually faded out. See also binitarianism. Islam considers Jesus to be a prophet , but not divine,  and God to be absolutely indivisible a concept known as tawhid.
They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! God is the Messiah, son of Mary. His abode is the Fire.
For evil-doers there will be no helpers. God is the third of three; when there is no Lord save the One Lord. If they desist not from so saying a painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve.
Will they not rather turn unto God and seek forgiveness of Him? For God is Forgiving, Merciful.
The Messiah, son of Mary, was no other than a messenger, messengers the like of whom had passed away before him. And his mother was a saintly woman.
And they both used to eat earthly food. See how We make the revelations clear for them, and see how they are turned away! Quran Interpretation of these verses by modern scholars has been varied.
Verse has been interpreted as a potential criticism of Syriac literature that references Jesus as "the third of three" and thus an attack on the view that Christ was divine.
However, this sect may not have existed at all, let alone during the period when Islam emerged, and did not worship Mary as a goddess. Judaism traditionally maintains a tradition of monotheism to the exclusion of the possibility of a Trinity.
The idea of God as a duality or trinity is heretical — it is even considered by some to be polytheistic. The Trinity is most commonly seen in Christian art with the Spirit represented by a dove, as specified in the Gospel accounts of the Baptism of Christ ; he is nearly always shown with wings outspread.
However depictions using three human figures appear occasionally in most periods of art. The Father and the Son are usually differentiated by age, and later by dress, but this too is not always the case.
The usual depiction of the Father as an older man with a white beard may derive from the biblical Ancient of Days , which is often cited in defense of this sometimes controversial representation.
However, in Eastern Orthodoxy the Ancient of Days is usually understood to be God the Son, not God the Father see below — early Byzantine images show Christ as the Ancient of Days,  but this iconography became rare.
When the Father is depicted in art, he is sometimes shown with a halo shaped like an equilateral triangle , instead of a circle.
The Son is often shown at the Father's right hand Acts He may be represented by a symbol — typically the Lamb agnus dei or a cross — or on a crucifix , so that the Father is the only human figure shown at full size.
In early medieval art, the Father may be represented by a hand appearing from a cloud in a blessing gesture, for example in scenes of the Baptism of Christ.
This subject continued to be popular until the 18th century at least. By the end of the 15th century, larger representations, other than the Throne of Mercy, became effectively standardised, showing an older figure in plain robes for the Father, Christ with his torso partly bare to display the wounds of his Passion , and the dove above or around them.
In earlier representations both Father, especially, and Son often wear elaborate robes and crowns. Sometimes the Father alone wears a crown, or even a papal tiara.
In the later part of the Christian Era , in Renaissance European iconography, the Eye of Providence began to be used as an explicit image of the Christian Trinity and associated with the concept of Divine Providence.
Seventeenth-century depictions of the Eye of Providence sometimes show it surrounded by clouds or sunbursts.
God the Father top , and the Holy Spirit represented by a dove depicted above Jesus. Painting by Francesco Albani d. Atypical depiction. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the album, see Father, Son, Holy Ghost album. For other uses, see Holy Trinity disambiguation , Trinitarian disambiguation , and Trinity disambiguation.
Christian doctrine that God is one God, but three coeternal consubstantial persons. General conceptions.
Specific conceptions. In particular religions. Experiences Practices. Related topics. Further information: Trinitarianism in the Church Fathers.
Main article: First seven ecumenical councils. Main article: First Council of Nicaea. Main article: First Council of Constantinople. Main article: Council of Ephesus.
Main article: Council of Chalcedon. Main article: Second Council of Constantinople. Main article: Third Council of Constantinople. Main article: Second Council of Nicaea.
Main article: Trinitarian formula. Holy Spirit. Main article: Perichoresis. Main article: Nontrinitarianism. Main article: Trinity in art.
Christianity portal. We depend largely on quotations made by opponents which reflect what they thought he was saying.
Furthermore, there was no single Arian party or agenda but rather various critics of the Nicene formula working from distinct perspectives.
Arius SPCK 2nd edn, p. Oxford Dictionaries - English. In Herbermann, Charles ed. Catholic Encyclopedia.
New York: Robert Appleton Company. Latin : substantia, essentia seu natura divina DS Retrieved 3 November Bruce Metzger and Michael Coogan , p.
Oxford University , p. Yale University Press, , Matthew's Emmanuel: Divine presence and God's people in the first gospel.
Cambridge University Press, , One of the standard analogies for the Trinity is a good example of modalism: The Trinity is like water because water comes in three forms - ice, water, steam.
This is Modalism because these are three states or modes of the substance water. Some modalists believe that God revealed himself differently at different times in history, others believe that during any particular period of history God can reveal himself in different ways; so when God is acting as redeemer, that's God the Son, and so on.
Tritheism portrays Father, Son and Holy Spirit as three independent divine beings; three separate gods who are linked together in some special way - most commonly by sharing the "same substance" or being the same sort of thing.
People often make this mistake because they misunderstand the use of the word "persons" in defining the Trinity; it does not mean that Father, Son and Holy Spirit are three separate personalities.
This would suggest that each of the persons of the Trinity is only part God, only becoming fully God when they are together.
Monarchianism stresses God as One and downgrades the idea of the Trinity; it comes in various versions:. This isn't a strictly Trinitarian heresy but it's relevant because it's the idea that the Son is in some way less fully God than the Father.
Well it's true: The greatest row in the history of Christianity centred on a single word filioque and on the doctrine of the Trinity. There were other matters at issue as well, but the row over "the filioque clause" led to the Great Schism of The Churches were arguing about whether the Son played any part in the origin of the Spirit as one of the persons of the Trinity from the Father, who is the only ultimate source.
The Latin word filioque , which means "and from the son", was gradually inserted by Western churches into the Nicene Creed so that it stated that the Holy Spirit proceeds not from the God the Father alone, as the early Church Fathers believed, but from both God the Father and God the Son.
The Eastern wing of the Church believed and believes that the Father alone had given rise to the Holy Spirit, and the idea that both Father and Son had done so was condemned as heretical.
Even today, the creed used by the Eastern Churches professes faith "in the Holy Spirit who proceeds from the Father," without mentioning the Filioque.
The Western Churches i. There were fundamental problems of authority as well as of doctrine. The Eastern wing of the Church was angry that the Western wing of the Church had altered a fundamental part of the creed without their agreement - indeed without even consulting them.
This didn't seem to them like the behaviour of a united church, and so the two wings eventually went their separate ways.
Many church historians think that the Western wing of the Church did behave very badly by trying to introduce such a major change to Christian belief in such a cavalier way.
This is the name that theologians give to the idea that the Spirit proceeds from both Father and Son. When Christians say that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son , what do they mean, and why do they use such an odd word?
The word comes from the Greek text of John The Greek word has the sense of movement out of , and early theologians used it to show that the Spirit's origin was within the person of the Father.
Greek theologians restricted this Greek word to this particular technical use - the coming forth of the Spirit from the Father - so that it has a unique reference to the relationship of the Father and the Spirit.
The Greek theologians also thought that the way in which the Spirit comes from the Father is similar to, but significantly different from, the way the Son comes from the Father.
The equivalent Latin word is " procedure ", but unlike the Greek word it doesn't include the notion of a starting point within something; it's a more general word for movement.
This different meaning may have contributed in a small way to the dispute. Latin theologians taught that the Spirit comes from both the Father and the Son, but comes from each of them in significantly different ways.
These differences do not diminish the Father's role as the only cause of everything that exists. The arguments in the dispute are highly technical, and seem pretty dull to anyone except a theologian - but they stirred hugely passionate debates in the church because they were about something that mattered terribly: the nature of God.
To get a flavour of the passion the debate aroused, look at this comment from a 9th century Patriarch:. But when the Counsellor comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness to me.
Jesus said to them again, "Peace be unto you. As the Father has sent me, even so send I you. In December Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras of Constantinople revoked the excommunications of and called for an active pursuit of mutual understanding.
Appropriation and Perichoresis are two ideas that are important in reconciling God's one-ness with the three-ness of God in human experience.
Appropriation teaches that all three persons of the Trinity do everything God does, but that it is appropriate to see some actions as being particularly associated with one specific person of the Trinity.
So the Father is associated with creation and the Son with redemption, but all three persons are actually involved with these actions.
This is the idea that each of the persons of the Trinity shares completely in the life of the other two. Theologians say that each of the persons of the Trinity "interpenetrates" the others, so that the distinctions between the persons are preserved and the substance of God is not divided into three.
The theologian Leonardo Boff described perichoresis as "the intimate and perfect inhabitation of one Person in the other," meaning that the three persons of the Trinity live in and relate to each other perfectly.
Many modern writers prefer to use the word indwelling to express the idea of perichoresis. They say there is a mutual indwelling of the persons of the Trinity.
All facets of divine activity are reflected in all three persons of the Trinity. They are dynamically intermingled.
They may not be separated. The traditional statement of the doctrine of the Trinity is this: There are three persons within the Godhead; Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
These three persons have equal status and are equally divine. But the word person in this definition doesn't mean person in any sense that modern people understand it - it's an ancient technical philosophical term, which originally meant the mask worn by actors playing parts in an ancient Greek play.
The Greek word was hypostases the singular term is hypostasis. The ancient writers said that there were three distinct hypostases in one ousia ousia is the word now translated as substance - see below.
There's a hint here of a very important concept in the idea of the Trinity. Actors playing a part in a play do so in relationship to other members of the cast, and a key element of the doctrine of the Trinity is that the three persons of the Trinity are in relationship with one another.
But "person" to modern people means, at the very least, a separate centre of consciousness, and more usually, an individual human being.
That is not what it means in the definition of the Trinity. The idea that the three persons of the Trinity are separate individuals is the heresy of tritheism.
Unfortunately, modern theological translations of the word "persons" into phrases such as "distinct manners of subsisting" don't make things much clearer and that particular phrase, as it happens, sounds very like the heresy of modalism.
This word is used to describe the coming forth of one of the persons of the Trinity from another or from both the others.
The use of this word in statements of the Trinity is a reminder that there is movement and dynamic energy in the Christian concept of God.
It comes from the Greek word ousia , which means "beingness", but it has a more restricted meaning in this context than it had had to the ancient Greek philosophers who coined the word.
A substance is a thing which fully exists; a presence in the universe - so for example, a dog is a substance. Although in the case of God this is not a substance made of matter.
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